Intracranial hypertension -- Measurement, Pediatric neurology -- Simulation methods, Entropy (Information theory)
Objective: To determine whether decomplexification of intracranial pressure dynamics occurs during periods of severe intracranial hypertension (intracranial pressure >25 mm Hg for >5 mins in the absence of external noxious stimuli) in pediatric patients with intracranial hypertension.
Measurements and Main Results: We measured changes in the intracranial pressure complexity, estimated by the approximate entropy (ApEn), as patients progressed from a state of normal intracranial pressure (Hg) to intracranial hypertension. We found the ApEn mean to be lower during the intracranial hypertension period than during the stable and recovering periods in all the 11 episodes (0.5158 ± 0.0089, 0.3887 ± 0.077, and 0.5096 ± 0.0158, respectively, p < .01). Both the mean reduction in ApEn from the state of normal intracranial pressure (stable region) to intracranial hypertension (−0.1271) and the increase in ApEn from the ICH region to the recovering region (0.1209) were determined to be statistically significant (p < .01).
Conclusions: Our results indicate that decreased complexity of intracranial pressure coincides with periods of intracranial hypertension in brain injury. This suggests that the complex regulatory mechanisms that govern intracranial pressure may be disrupted during acute periods of intracranial hypertension. This phenomenon of decomplexification of physiologic dynamics may have important clinical implications for intracranial pressure management.
Hornero, Roberto; Aboy, Mateo; Abasolo, Daniel; McNames, James; Wakeland, Wayne; and Goldstein, Brahm, "Complex Analysis of Intracranial Hypertension Using Approximate Entropy" (2006). Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations. 70.