Document Type


Publication Date



When newcomers to the US initially settle, if their chosen location does not meet their expectations or needs, that often propels them to relocate. To determine what helps drive those transition decisions, the researchers interviewed people if they fulfilled one of these requirements:

  • They were members of the Dallas County community who were planning to move in the next five years.
  • They had recently (within the past five years) moved from their initial residence following their arrival in Dallas County.
  • They also had to be immigrants to or refugees in the US who were at least eighteen years old. Out of the 218 people initially interviewed, thirty-two participants qualified for the full interview. The participants were selected from a free community clinic in Dallas.

The researchers gave the thirty-two participants the open-ended prompt of, “Please discuss why you decided to move.” Based on the responses, the researchers concluded that three main themes drove transition decisions: The Multiple Dimensions of Home, The Neighborhood Experience, and Barriers and Bridges to Opportunity.


This is a summary of TREC research report NITC-RR-1477, from the NITC program of TREC at Portland State University.

Final Report NITC-RR-1477, "Housing Choice, Transportation Equity, and Access to Opportunities in Refugee and Immigrant Communities" can be found at:

Persistent Identifier