Document Type


Publication Date



Bicycle commuting, Transportation -- Social aspects, Bicycle sharing programs


The number of public bike share systems has been increasing rapidly across the United States over the past five to 10 years. To date, most academic research around bike share in the U.S. has focused on the logistics of planning and operationalizing successful systems. Investigations of system users and impacts on the local community are less common, and studies focused on efforts to engage underserved communities in bike share are rarer still. This report uses a survey of representatives from 56 U.S. bike share systems to better understand and document current approaches toward serving low-income and minority populations. The survey asked about equity policies and metrics, the degree to which equity considerations affected a variety of system practices, what the existing barriers to utilizing bike share are for target populations, and what challenges the bike share system faces in addressing those barriers. Results indicate nearly one in four systems, and nearly half of systems with over 500 bikes, have written policies around equity. Many more systems incorporate support of equity into various aspects of their operation. Equity considerations affect station siting, fee structure and payment systems, and promotion and marketing in a majority of systems (68%, 72%, and 57% respectively), and operations and data collection and analysis to a lesser extent (42% each). Systems reported cost, access, and outreach as the largest barriers to equity, in addition to overall funding and staff levels.


This is a final report, NITC-RR-884a, from the NITC program of TREC at Portland State University.

The publications "Breaking Barriers to Bike Share: Insights on Equity Summary Report" and "Current Efforts to Make Bike Share More Equitable: A Survey of System Owners and Operators" are included here as a supplemental files.

The TRB Annual Meeting poster and Overcoming Equity Barriers in Bike Share poster are also included here as supplemental files

The other final reports associated with this grant may be accessed at and



Persistent Identifier