Document Type


Publication Date



Transportation -- Technological innovations, Urban transportation policy, Transportation and state, Automated vehicles, Ridesharing, Bicycle sharing programs


Advances in transportation technology such as the advent of scooter and bikeshare systems (micromobility), ridehailing, and autonomous vehicles (AV’s) are beginning to have profound effects not only on how we live, move, and spend our time in cities, but also on urban form and development itself. These new technologies are changing the systems of transport, the layout of cities, and the places we spend our time. In turn, these changes will likely have additional and profound effects on land use, street design, parking, housing, equity, municipal finance, and fundamental issues related to urban density, sprawl, vitality and the economic viability and sustainability of communities of all sizes.

These technological changes are being introduced much faster than how local government code and policy typically react, especially because the issues at play and their possible impact remain almost entirely outside the knowledge base or skill set of the vast majority of city staff or leadership. This report, thus, is a guide to communities of all sizes on how to adopt local policy and code to both respond to the emergence of these technologies and encourage their responsible propagation, as they all hold tremendous positive opportunities for cities that are serious about decarbonizing, as well as issues of equity, public health, freedom, household affordability, and more.


This is a final report, NITC-RR-1216, from the NITC program of TREC at Portland State University, and can be found online at:

The Project Brief associated with this research can be found at:



Persistent Identifier