This research was funded by the National Institute for Transportation and Communities, or NITC, a program of TREC at Portland State University.
Transportation -- Social aspects -- Oregon, Geographic information systems, Neighborhood planning -- Citizen participation, Community health
Research on walking, the built environment, and healthy communities is a fairly recent area of inquiry, accelerated over the last ten years by an increased interest in the relationship between urban form and public health. A series of macro-oriented logic models and micro-focused data collection tools have been developed over this time in order to understand this healthy communities issue, as well as operationalize the hypotheses around the connection between the built environment and physical activity. None of these efforts, however, attempt to connect their assessment frameworks and tools with a public involvement process. The last ten years has also seen the development of a concentration of work known as Public Participation GIS (PPGIS), which aims to combine the spatial sophistication of GIS with expanded public access to the tools and data linked with GIS technology. This project advances this area of research and technology transfer in two ways. First, four new built environment audit tools using Mobile GIS technology have been developed with a focus on a community approach toward data gathering and usage. These tools include the School Environment Assessment Tool (SEAT), the Complete Streets Assessment Tool (CSAT), the Accessibility Audit Tool (AAT), and the Bicycle Assessment & Safety Index Tool (BASIT). Secondly, these tools have been tested with several communities across the country and have include non-technical, general members of the public interested in healthy communities and active transportation. The tools have been refined after each community workshop and two of the tools, SEAT and CSAT, are ready for a more robust national distribution. The work delineated in the following report pages progresses our understanding of community-based, participatory
Schlossberg, Marc, and Nico Larco. Active Transportation, Neighborhood Planning and Participatory GIS (Geographic Information System). OTREC-TT-08-02. Portland, OR: Transportation Research and Education Center (TREC), 2008. https://dx.doi.org/10.15760/trec.89