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Land development patterns, urban design, and transportation system features are inextricably linked to pedestrian travel. Accordingly, planners and decision-makers have turned to integrated transportation-land use policies and investments to address the pressing need for improvements in physical activity levels via the creation of walkable communities. However, policy questions regarding the identification of smart growth indicators and their connection to walking remain unanswered, because most studies of the built environment determinants of pedestrian travel: (a) represent the built environment with isolated metrics instead of as a multidimensional construct and (b) model this transportation-land use relationship outside of a multidirectional analytic framework. Using structural equation modeling, this Portland, Oregon study identifies a second-order latent construct of the built environment indicated by land use mix, density, and urban design and transportation system features. Study findings suggest this construct has a strong effect on the household-level decision to walk for transport and discretionary travel.

Biographical Information

Steven is a Ph.D. candidate in the department of civil & environmental engineering at Portland State University. His research explores the interactions between transportation and land development patterns, with a focus on active transportation. For his dissertation research, Steven is investigating the impacts of neighborhood land use mixing on pedestrian travel behavior in Oregon’s Willamette River Valley.


Land use -- Planning -- Oregon, Urban transportation, Pedestrians -- Oregon, Transportation -- Oregon -- Planning


Transportation | Urban Studies | Urban Studies and Planning

Persistent Identifier

A Pathway Linking Smart Growth Neighborhoods to Home-Based Pedestrian Travel