This project was funded by the Oregon Transportation Research and Education Consortium (OTREC) through a grant provided by the National Institute of Transportation and Communities (NITC). Cash match funding was provided by the Utah Transit Authority (UTA), Salt Lake County (SLCo), the Wasatch Front Regional Council (WFRC), and the Mountainlands Association of Governments (MAG). In-kind match was provided by the Department of City and Metropolitan Planning at the University of Utah, and by the Nohad A. Toulan School of Urban Studies and Planning at Portland State University.
Transit-oriented development, Transportation -- Planning, Street-railroads -- Economic aspects
This analysis was intended to help answer the following policy questions:
Q1: Are TODs attractive to certain NAICS sectors?
Q2: Do TODs generate more jobs in certain NAICS sectors?
Q3: Are firms in TODs more resilient to economic downturns?
Q4: Do TODs create more affordable housing measured as H+T?
Q5: Do TODs improve job accessibility for those living in or near them?
The first question investigates which types of industries are actually transit oriented. Best planning practices call for a mix of uses focused around housing and retail, but analysis provides some surprises. The second question tests the economic development effects of transit—do locations provided with transit actually experience employment growth? The third question is intended to determine the ability of employers near transit to resist losing jobs; or having lost jobs, to rapidly regain them.
The fourth research question confronts the issue of affordable housing and transit. Transit is often billed as a way to provide affordable housing by matching low-cost housing with employment. Yet proximity to transit stations is also expected to raise land values. Proximity to transit, however, may increase actual affordability, regardless of increases in housing costs, because of the reduction in transportation costs.
The final research question considers the relationship between workplace and residence locations. To be able to commute by transit, both the workplace and home must be near transit. Effective transit should increase both the number and share of workers who work and live along the transit corridor.
Liu, Jenny H.; Mumuni, Zakari; Berggren, Matt; Miller, Matt; Miller, Arthur C.; and Ewing, Reid, "Do TODs Make a Difference? MAX Yellow Line Portland, Oregon" (2014). Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations. 125.