Journal of Planning Education and Research
The US Department of Transportation requires metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) to consider social equity in their plans and projects in accordance with civil rights–related laws. In this paper, we suggest four interpretations of directives’ distributional standards in relation to accessibility. Employing this framework, we review the equity assessments of regional plans of the ten largest MPOs in the United States. Against our expectations, we find that MPOs tend to employ relatively strong distributional standards, albeit never explicitly. We argue that more explicit guidance regarding standards would improve the fairness and consistency of planning practice
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Martens, K., & Golub, A. (2018). A Fair Distribution of Accessibility: Interpreting Civil Rights Regulations for Regional Transportation Plans. Journal of Planning Education and Research.