Document Type

Working Paper

Publication Date



Urban renewal -- Oregon -- Portland, Neighborhoods -- Oregon -- Portland, Gentrification -- Oregon -- Portland


This study focuses on the effects on the housing market, particularly the loss of affordable housing. It builds upon earlier studies to consider a broader interpretation of displacement that encompasses not just when a household is forced to move by conditions that affect the dwelling, but also to take into account changes in the neighborhood as a whole. These neighborhood changes can result in a neighborhood’s inability to provide basic services that make it impossible to continue residency as a “voluntary” response. Housing in Portland is almost exclusively produced by the private sector, with a limited public sector role through regulation, incentives, and some direct construction. The study recommends a market-conscious approach to gentrification embracing new principles that allow for:

  • An inclusive development paradigm with a racial/ethnic equity lens.
  • A recognition of how public investments affect the private market.
  • Ways to anticipate housing demand and market changes.
  • Options for utilizing the public sector to regulate and engage a range of private development and community actors to minimize the effect



Persistent Identifier

bates_powepointGentrification_Study_supplemental.pdf (3710 kB)
Powerpoint presentation on preliminary gentrification study mapping, given at the September 20, 2012 meeting.

bates_Gentrification_Overview_supplemental.pdf (184 kB)
Gentrification and Displacement Study Overview

bates_Gentrification Map supplemental.pdf (4062 kB)
Gentrification Risk Assessment Maps

bates_Gentrification_Appendix_A_Maps-supplemental.pdf (12819 kB)
Appendix A - Individual maps that detail existing vulnerabilities, changes to demographic characteristics and changes to housing values during the study period