Published In

BioScience

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-2012

Subjects

Climatic changes -- Environmental aspects, Forest hydrology, Forest ecology, Forest microclimatology, Plant phenology, Plant communities, Ecosystem services, Ecological disturbances

Abstract

Evaluations of the local effects of global change are often confounded by the interactions of natural and anthropogenic factors that overshadow the effects of climate changes on ecosystems. Long-term watershed and natural elevation gradient studies at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest and in the surrounding region show surprising results demonstrating the effects of climate change on hydrologic variables (e.g., evapotranspiration, streamflow, soil moisture); the importance of changes in phenology on water, carbon, and nitrogen fluxes during critical seasonal transition periods; winter climate change effects on plant and animal community composition and ecosystem services; and the effects of anthropogenic disturbances and land-use history on plant community composition. These studies highlight the value of long-term integrated research for assessments of the subtle effects of changing climate on complex ecosystems

Description

One or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work therefore it is not subject to copyright in the United States.

This is the publisher’s final pdf. American Institute of Biological Sciences.

DOI

10.1525/bio.2012.62.12.7

Persistent Identifier

http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/11943

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