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Journal of Applied Psychology

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Job satisfaction, Employee retention, Social adjustment, Self-efficacy, Social interaction


The authors tested a model of antecedents and outcomes of newcomer adjustment using 70 unique samples of newcomers with meta-analytic and path modeling techniques. Specifically, they proposed and tested a model in which adjustment (role clarity, self-efficacy, and social acceptance) mediated the effects of organizational socialization tactics and information seeking on socialization outcomes (job satisfaction, organizational commitment, job performance, intentions to remain, and turnover). The results generally supported this model. In addition, the authors examined the moderating effects of methodology on these relationships by coding for 3 methodological issues: data collection type (longitudinal vs. cross-sectional), sample characteristics (school-to-work vs. work-to-work transitions), and measurement of the antecedents (facet vs. composite measurement). Discussion focuses on the implications of the findings and suggestions for future research.


To the best of our knowledge, one or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work. This is the publisher’s final PDF. Published 2007 by the American Psychological Association, the final definitive version can be found at:



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