This work was in part funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF-CBET-1034581).
Physics of Fluids
Wind turbines -- Blades, Flow (Fluid dynamics), Mathematical models, Stalling (Aerodynamics), Particle image velocimetry, Orthogonal decompositions
To understand the complex flow phenomena over wind turbine blades during stall development, a scaled three-dimensional non-rotating blade model is designed to be dynamically similar to a rotating full-scale NREL 5 MW wind turbine blade. A time-resolved particle imagevelocimetry(PIV) investigation of flowbehavior during the stall cycle examines the processes of stall development and flow reattachment. Proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) and vortex detection techniques are applied to the PIV fields to quantify relevant flow characteristics such as vortex size, separation angle, and separation point throughout a dynamic pitching cycle. The behavior of the POD coefficients provides time scales for the transitional stages which are quantified and compared, revealing that transition from attached flow to full stall is delayed to higher angles of attack and occurs at a higher rate than the transition from full stall to attached flow. The instantaneous flow fields are then reconstructed using the first four POD modes to demonstrate their prominent roles throughout the stall cycle and their ability to capture the general separation behavior over the blade surface.
Melius, M., Cal, R. B., & Mulleners, K. (2016). Dynamic stall of an experimental wind turbine blade. Physics of Fluids, 28(3), 034103. http://doi.org/10.1063/1.4942001