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Korean Journal of Metals and Materials

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Spheroidization -- intercritical annealing, Medium carbon steel -- heat treatment


The degree to which parameters affect the spheroidization heat treatment of steel was calculated by setting the spheroidization heat treatment conditions of Cr-Mo steel and using data analysis such as S/N ratio and ANOVA. After analyzing the transformation temperatures of the steel, Ac1 and Ac3, using a DSC, the conditions were set accordingly. The surface hardness was measured for the conditions and used as an evaluation index. The correlation was analyzed by comparing the spheroidized volume fraction and the surface hardness, and the Pearson correlation coefficient was -0.88, proving that a correlation existed between the two values. Using S/N ratio and ANOVA, the degree to which each control parameter affects the decrease in the surface hardness was analyzed, qualitatively and quantitatively. For the S/N ratio, priority affecting the surface hardness for each control parameter was analyzed. The 1st heating temperature was found to have a more preferential effect on the surface hardness than the 1st heating time and the 2nd heating temperature. Using ANOVA, the 1st heating temperature was determined to be a very significant factor with the greatest influence, contributing 73.2% to the surface hardness. Intercritical annealing is a suitable spheroidization heat treatment condition, so if the surface hardness of the steel needs to be reduced using Intercritical annealing, the 1st heating temperature and time should be designed as the priority.


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