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Soft Matter

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Fluid viscosities, Boundary layer


Drop tower experiments have been performed to study droplet jump from a particle bed across a wide range of fluid viscosities. Here the droplet jumps from the particle bed in response to the apparent step reduction from terrestrial gravity to microgravity when the experiment is dropped and enters free fall. The presence of a particle layer has been found to affect contact line dissipation and the overall jumping behavior of droplets. Additionally, the study has identified the impact of the Ohnesorge number (Oh) on droplet morphology. The investigation has yielded results that not only validate a modified version of the spring-mass-damper model for droplet rebound [Jha et al., Soft Matter, 2020, 16, 7270] but also extend its applicability to previously unexplored initial conditions. In particular, the model predicts droplet jump time and velocity. Moreover, the presence of particle layers has been found to effectively eliminate contact line dissipation without introducing substantial additional forms of dissipation. Experiments have been conducted at the Dryden Drop Tower facility at Portland State University. Particle beds have been constructed using polyethylene and polystyrene poly-dispersed spheres with diameters ranging from 125–150 μm and 600–1000 μm, respectively. The beds have been created by depositing a thin layer of particles on a glass substrate. The experimental conditions have allowed the exploration of a large parameter space of Bo0 1.8–8.6, We 0.05–1.40, and Oh 0.001–1.900.


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