Advisor

Robert Tuttle

Date of Award

1978

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.) in English

Department

English

Physical Description

1 online resource (123 p.)

Subjects

Crane, Stephen (1871-1900) -- Criticism and interpretation, Irony in literature

DOI

10.15760/etd.2837

Abstract

Stephen crane's major irony in his art is produced by contrasting his characters' illusions with reality. In Maggie that reality is an environmental indifference that is very much like the deterministic environment of the Naturalistic Novelists. Maggie's perceptions and expectations contrast with this reality, seeming very ironic. In The Red Badge of Courage, "The Open Boat," and "The Blue Hotel,” each character's illusion is contrasted with a reality that is absolutely indifferent. It is in these works (as well as in his letters and poetry) that Crane affirms man's need to embrace those illusions which enable him to face reality. The contrast between illusion and reality still generates irony, yet, Crane accepts the irony as a fact of life in an ironic universe.

Description

If you are the rightful copyright holder of this dissertation or thesis and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit a request to pdxscholar@pdx.edu and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL

Persistent Identifier

http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/17204

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