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Applied General Systems Research

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System theory, Problem solving


The ubiquity of hierarchical order is obvious, and the obvious is hard to explain, but a number of workers [1] have suggested the possibility of constructing a theory (or cluster of theories), rooted in such disciplines as thermodynamics, information theory, topology, and logic, which might reveal the underlying unity of a wide variety of branching and multi-level systems. It is the purpose of this paper to contribute to both the empirical and theoretical aspects of this discussion, by examining levels of structure and function in molecular biology and linguistics, and by developing, from parallelisms between these two areas, a hierarchical model of possibly greater generality.


© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1978


Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 5).

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Applied General Systems Research. NATO Conference Series, vol 5. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Applied General Systems Research. NATO Conference Series, vol 5. DOI:10.1007/978-1-4757-0555-3_39



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